Formation of a human-centric approach to the prevention of torture in Ukraine

Issue: № 4/1, 2021

Doi: https://doi.org/10.37634/efp.2021.4(1).5

The paper is concerned with the role of key international human rights standards and soft law instruments of the Council of Europe in the preventing ill-treatment of persons deprived of their liberty in the context of the human centrist approach. The paper determine the purpose of the formation of human-centric legal ideology in Ukraine, which is the creation of a mechanism of effective restriction of public power in the interests of protecting the fundamental rights. The paper is dedicated to the doctrine of human-centric legal ideology in Ukraine and its human dignity key element. Considering the fact that the process of forming a democratic human-centric legal ideology in Ukraine is still not complete, the paper highlights the cases of mass violations of fundamental human rights by law enforcement agencies, where a special problem is the illegal practice of law enforcement agencies against human dignity. One of its case is the ill-treatment and use of torture against persons deprived of their liberty. The paper highlights the ways to protect the right to dignity through the prism of legislative activity of government bodies and advocacy of civil society institutions. The Article 28 of the Constitution of Ukraine, which establishes the right to respect for human dignity as one of the key values of the Ukrainian legal system, is revealed. The category of dignity is revealed through the prism of Articles 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of December 10, 1948, Articles 7 and 10 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of December 16, 1966 and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights of November 4, 1950. Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, acts of the European Committee against Torture.

Keywords : human centrism, soft law instruments, torture, European standards, human rights

References:

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