Logistics of maritime transport

Issue: № 5/3, 2020

Doi: https://doi.org/10.37634/efp.2020.5(3).5

The paper is devoted to the analysis of maritime transport logistics. The authors analyze the issues of optimizing the work of organizations of all activities. The purpose of the work is to systematize and develop the theoretical and practical basis of maritime transport logistics. The purpose of sea transportation, types of cargo, directions of transportation, subjects of sea transportation, structure of the fleet are analyzed. The main types of sea transport vessels and main ports are provided. Features of sea logistics and names of the most known companies of sea logistics are presented. The introduction highlighted the work of domestic and foreign scientists on logistics. The study used methods of comparative analysis, synthesis, generalization, induction and deduction. As a result, maritime transport currently provides 4/5 of the world's cargo. Maritime logistics, ie the organization and provision of sea freight, is a special intermediary transport service that facilitates the process of delivery of goods from producer to consumer, regardless of the distance between them. Maritime logistics, ie the organization and provision of sea freight, is a special intermediary transport service that facilitates the process of delivery of goods from producer to consumer, regardless of the distance between them. The prerogative of maritime logistics is the transportation of goods by sea. This method of transportation is most suitable for the delivery of large over heavy loads over long distances. The organization of competent logistics of sea transportations is an important component of successful business. Transportation of products using ships has a number of advantages, due to which this type of delivery is one of the main, especially in the case of long-distance transportation.

Keywords : maritime logistics, optimization, maritime transport, cargo, transportation, vessels, fleet structure, ports, sea freight, charter, chartering, transportation

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